The period of modern art began around 1870, extending into the mid-20th century with several artistic movements. These include Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism and Futurism, with other movements like Dada, Surrealism, and Abstract Expressionism as well. Modern art is characterized by the deliberate distortion of forms and images to evoke a particular mood.
A style of painting involving light mixing with scenery, popularized by 19th century artist John Frederick Kensett. The use of color to evoke emotion was also a key element of this type of painting.
Art that combines different media such as paint, natural materials (wood, pebbles) and man made materials (glass, plastic or metal). Examples of this type of art include assemblage and sculpture. Artists such as Alexander Calder, Robert Rauschenberg and John Chamberlain created works of this type.
The movement that grew out of the burgeoning technology of the industrial revolution. It is a time when the train and steam engine transformed transportation, making it easier for people to commute into the city to work. This change in lifestyle brought many more jobs to cities and led to the growth of cities. The movement was also marked by social change with a growing focus on human rights, feminism and the role of the individual in society.
A type of 20th century art where shapes and colors are reduced to their simplest form. Minimalists are known for creating artwork that looks bare, sparse, restricted or empty. American artist Mark Rothko was a minimalist, as was the German artist Max Ernst.
A technique whereby a copper plate is coated with a light-sensitive gelatin tissue that has been exposed to a film positive and then etched to produce an image. A print is then made from the etching. Famous photographers that work in this art form include Ansel Adams (landscapes), Diane Arbus and Dorothea Lange (people).
An artistic movement that takes inspiration from African masks and other tribal art. The lines are jagged and the distorted forms can resemble violence or aggressiveness rather than beauty. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were early pioneers of this style.
A style of art that celebrates commonplace objects and elevates them to the level of fine art. American artists Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein were famous champions of this movement. It is a fresh alternative to other styles of modernism, taking its cues from Neo-Dada. It is a form of art that is both expressive and ironic. It pokes fun at established traditions and tastes in art, and at times is a form of protest. Artists such as Tracey Emin and Damian Hirst have been dubbed enfant terribles. They shock with their illogical and often controversial art.